What is Anesthesia for Dental Surgery
Anesthesia for Dental Surgery, like all surgeries, requires an anesthesia specialist to sleep the area and be able to work without the patient feeling any pain during the process.
Previously, the anesthesia used to perform dental procedures was procaine, which was replaced by lidocaine, which has shown a better effect for this type of surgery.
The most commonly used anesthesia technique for dental surgery is through injection of lidocaine into the vestibular side of the maxillary (cheek) and lingual alveolus and lower dental block, which begins to take effect in minutes and maintains the effect for about 2 hours This procedure is performed by an anesthesia profesional.
This type of sedation extends from the angle of the jaw to the face, lower lip, chin and some parts of the tongue.
On many occasions, before anesthesia for dental surgery, pressure is made with a swab in the area that will work to block a little the sensation of pain when introducing the syringe.
The dose of anesthesia should be supervised by a specialist in the field as there are cases in which it should be less than what is used regularly, for example, it should be lower when the patient has systemic health habits such as alcoholism, anemia, anorexia, bradycardia, angina, chronic bronchitis, liver diseases, among some others.
It is important to evaluate the patient to know the dose and type of anesthesia for dental surgery that should be administered, as well as to consider the patient’s age, health status (diseases).
As for pregnant patients, anesthesia for dental surgery can also be used. Anesthetics that contain epinephrine have proven 100% safe for use without harming the mother or the fetus. These anesthetics are lignocaine and prilocaine.
It should be mentioned that, although epinephrine anesthetics are safe for pregnant women, the dose should be low, since a high dose affects uterine blood flow.
There are other supplementary sedation techniques such as:
Anesthesia is placed directly on the bone very close to the root of the tooth with which it is going to work.
When regular anesthesia fails to have an effect on the patient, it is necessary to resort to interpulpal anesthesia, which is placed with a 25 or 27 gauge needle right in the pulp chamber by exerting pressure.
This type of anesthesia is the least used, although very effective, by anesthesiologists, since it causes a lot of discomfort to the patient.
Also known as periodontal ligament anesthesia, it can be used preferably when a smaller amount of anesthesia is required and can only be used for sedation of a tooth.
This type of sedation is an excellent option for pediatric patients because it ensures their comfort. It is used as a complementary technique to infiltrations.
Sometimes the patient must be completely asleep in order to perform the surgery without complications. These patients are mainly people with special needs, patients with anxiety or, small children who can hardly accept a needle in their mouth.
This type of anesthesia for surgery consists in the intake of a medication orally and an anxiety pill. This type of anesthesia is mainly used for those persons of legal age and who do not wish to be injected.
Anesthesia is injected via vein and is a great way to achieve sedation in minutes.
As you can see, the topic of Anesthesia for Dental Surgery, must be performed by an expert in the subject, that is why in Windy Citiy we offer mobile service of Anesthesia for Dental Surgery for all dentists who do not have the required equipment and / or qualified personnel for anesthesia administration.